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Title:Drought mitigation and water resource schemes in pastoral northern Ghana: some aspects of international agency programmes
Author:Cudjoe-Ofori, S.
Book title:Pastoral economies in Africa and long-term responses to drought
Geographic terms:Ghana
Subjects:rural development
development cooperation
Abstract:A major problem facing pastoral communities in tropical African countries like Ghana is not only the drought conditions but also their mitigation. The marginality of such areas to the perceptual frameworks of policymakers means that these 'nonurban' areas are neglected. Therefore, some international agencies find such areas good entry or intervention points in their development aid delivery programmes. This paper assesses the impact of the activities of CIDA (Canadian International Development Agency) in water resource development as a mitigant of drought in pastoral northern Ghana. Some reference is made to the work of the World Vision International (WVI) NGO. It is clear that the water resource and drought mitigation programmes of these organizations have contributed grossly to the socioeconomic well-being of the people in pastoral northern Ghana. Water is now more readily available than before, including water troughs for cattle. Health and sanitation have improved considerably. The spirit of participatory development has been awakened and enhanced. The time spent and the distance covered in water collection has been cut down drastically; more time is now available for productive agricultural activity and local industrial activity. The main problems experienced in the implementation of the programmes under assessment are technical, sociocultural and economic, as well as problems related to interagency cooperation and programme coordination. Possible solutions are presented in conclusion. Bibliogr.