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Title:The implications of crises and conflict in the Upper Nile Valley
Author:Nyong'o, P. Anyang'ISNI
Book title:Conflict resolution in Africa / Francis M. Deng, I. William Zartman, eds. - Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution
Geographic terms:Sudan
Subjects:political stability
Abstract:Over the past twenty-five years, the Upper Nile Valley countries, except Kenya, have been torn apart by such serious internal conflicts that their development has been severely set back. In a sense, they all have the Nile to blame for this; the origin of their conflicts is closely related to the colonization of these countries because of their proximity to the Nile. The crisis in the Horn of Africa is so much a crisis 'in the Nile' that, historically and currently, the two aspects must be taken into account together for there to be a meaningful perception of conflict resolution in this region. The author reviews the patterns of conflict in the four countries in the region - Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Uganda - and concludes that parties interested in conflict resolution in any one of these countries, whether internal or external, should adopt a regional approach. Because of the political histories of these conflicts, none of them is susceptible to a military settlement; they require political solutions. Note, ref.