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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The World Bank and African Poverty, 1973-1991
Author:Gibbon, Peter
Year:1992
Periodical:Journal of Modern African Studies
Volume:30
Issue:2
Period:June
Pages:193-220
Language:English
Geographic term:Africa
Subjects:World Bank
economic policy
poverty
Economics and Trade
international relations
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/161189
Abstract:Since 1987-1988 the World Bank, together with other donors, has been engaged in a programme of activities known as 'Social Dimensions of Adjustment' (SDA). This is the latest in a line of 'pro-poor' initiatives which the organization has sponsored over the last two decades. This article analyses the Bank's succession of policies since the 1970s against the background of the changing political and economic world situation. It focuses on the SDA project, paying attention to its conceptual framework, the SDA data-gathering exercise, and ongoing 'social action programmes' and 'integrated social and economic adjustment programmes'. It also deals with criticisms of SDA operations raised by some of the codonors in April 1991 and the Bank's response at the October 1991 meeting of the SDA Steering Committee. Finally, two embryonic alternatives to SDA are considered: the strategy formulated by Oxfam, which focuses on the need to extend donor conditionality in order to persuade African régimes to take poverty more seriously; and the proposals that have emerged from the work of Alan Fowler, who believes that NGOs in Africa, if reformed, could help address the economic problems of the poor. Notes, ref.
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