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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:State Politics and Social Domination in Zimbabwe
Author:Moyo, Jonathan N.
Periodical:Journal of Modern African Studies
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
political stability
Politics and Government
Ethnic and Race Relations
Abstract:This article first outlines two approaches which have dominated the study of State politics and social domination in Zimbabwe's first decade of independence: Afro-Marxism and neocolonialism. Then it analyses State politics in Zimbabwe during the period 1980-1990, starting from the hypothesis that the stability of a social system in transition from minority to majority rule depends on the ability of the new rulers to balance the interests of the lower and the higher strata. It describes early obstacles with which the newly independent State has been faced, the government's approach to education, health, agriculture and land reform, its economic policy, and the growing criticism of the government. It concludes that the data on the evolution of State politics in Zimbabwe indicate purposive action on the part of the State that had little to do with the expectations of either Afro-Marxism or neocolonialism. The data seem to suggest that the regime in power has managed to secure the necessary stability of the social system during the first decade of transition. Notes, ref.