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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Community development: a national strategy in Zimbabwe
Authors:Higgins, K.M.
Mazula, A.
Periodical:The Community Development Journal: An International Journal for Community Workers
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Subjects:community development
vocational education
Abstract:Four years after Zimbabwe's independence in 1980, the then Prime Minister, Robert Mugabe, issued a prime ministerial directive whose intention was to change the entire colonial structure of provincial administration to one in which Zimbabwe's six million rural people could participate and affect the development process newly emerging in the reconstruction of the country after the long independence struggle. The basic unit of organization in this new structure was to be the VIDCO (Village Development Committee) comprised of 6 members democratically elected by the adults of the village. The role of the committee was to plan and coordinate all development activities at the village level and to report to the next level up in the structure, the WADCO (Ward Development Committee). The focus of this paper is on the cadre of extension workers, the Village Community Workers (VCWs), formed to work with the VIDCOs; notably their origin and deployment and the design and implementation of their training. This training was totally innovative in Zimbabwe. It used a clearly stated and defined pedagogy of dialogue and participation based on the principles of adult education expounded by P. Freire (1972). The paper discusses the political context of the restructuring programme, the village community workers (most of whom are female), the formation of the cadre, the problem of developing a training strategy, the training philosophy, and training contents and methods. Bibliogr.