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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:South Africa and the World in the 1990s
Author:Baynham, Simon J.
Periodical:South Africa International
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:political change
political stability
Inter-African Relations
international relations
Military, Defense and Arms
Abstract:With the change in the world order, initiated by Gorbachev and consolidated with the collapse of the Berlin Wall in 1989, a whole range of new challenges faces South Africa. In addition to this, a number of other international tendencies and developments have already begun to make their mark on southern Africa: the shift away from authoritarianism in favour of democracy and democratization and the fact that financial aid is now tied to political reform and reductions in the security sphere. The potential impact of these pressures constitutes the first of a provisional and tentative list of a dozen or so unintentional threats to the stability of southern Africa in general and South Africa in particular: increased levels of political turmoil, nationalist/secessionist aspirations, arms build-up, ABC weapon proliferation, unemployed militia, overpopulation, environmental degradation, debts, the marginalization of the region, scarce resources, drugs and AIDS. The multifarious challenges, risks and opportunitues that confront or seem likely to confront South Africa and its neighbours during the transition of the 1990s appear so urgent that it would be unwise to allow events themselves to set the region's agenda. They need to be faced up to now and addressed in a new spirit of cooperative reconciliation. Notes, ref., sum.