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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Agricultural development in Botswana: privatization of land and increased loss of access to productive resources for the rural poor
Author:Keijsper, V.
Periodical:Internationales Afrikaforum
Geographic term:Botswana
Subjects:land reform
communal lands
animal husbandry
Abstract:This article analyses Botswana's agricultural policy for the livestock sector and its relation with the EC, notably through the Lomé Conventions. The livestock sector in Botswana is of major social and economic importance. As a result of Botswana's past livestock policies, the future prosperity and stability of the country can be questioned. Botswana's livestock policy for the cattle subsector has been dominated through the decades by commercialization. This approach has benefitted primarily larger cattleowners and did not result in a more efficient and sustainable performance of this sector. Communal areas are of major importance for the rural poor. The revised agricultural policy which was adopted in 1991 allows for privatization of communal lands, whereby flexible-sized ranches must ensure that ranch performance will be better. However, politically sensitive issues, notably regarding dual grazing rights, are not dealt with. Although the EC supports several communal area programmes for the benefit of the rural poor, the yearly EC subsidy primarily accrues to the largest farmers. Notes, ref.