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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Agricultural policies and income distribution: a challenge for a maximum economic growth
Periodical:Rural Progress: Bulletin of the Economic Commission for Africa
Geographic terms:Burkina Faso
Ivory Coast - Côte d'Ivoire
Subjects:price policy
income distribution
Abstract:It is generally accepted that the success of any economic policy is in part measured by the extent to which it promotes equity. This paper examines the relation between agricultural price policies and income distribution. It is based on data from two sources: the production and consumption data for rice in Côte d'Ivoire, as recorded in the food policy stabilization programmes of the Ministère de l'agriculture (plan Vivrier, 1990); and consumer budget data collected in Burkina Faso in 1986. The paper first discusses the theoretical basis of price policies and their impact on income. Next, it describes income distribution and consumption patterns in Côte d'Ivoire, and uses consumer budget data of Burkina Faso to investigate the effect of changes in food prices on the income level of various classes of consumers. This is followed by an examination of the distributional effects of price changes on producers' income and rural employment. Finally, policy implications are discussed. The overall conclusion is that the impact of increases in food prices is larger for people with low incomes. Bibliogr.