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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Role of the World Bank in Nigerian Agricultural Policy
Author:Ekong, E.E.
Periodical:Africa Development: A Quarterly Journal of CODESRIA (ISSN 0850-3907)
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:World Bank
agricultural projects
development cooperation
agricultural policy
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Politics and Government
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
international relations
Abstract:This article examines the massive involvement of the World Bank in Nigeria's agriculture. The study aims to answer the following questions: Why has World Bank assistance been necessary for Nigeria's agricultural development? To what extent is there a convergence of interests between the World Bank and Nigeria in terms of specific development policies, and/or how has the World Bank influenced Nigeria's development policies? What has so far been the impact of the World Bank assisted agricultural development projects (ADPs, especially five pilot ADPs which ran between 1972 and 1982)? What prospect does aid hold for Nigeria's agriculture? The study is based on an analysis of selected documents on each World Bank project, supplemented by interviews with various individuals who have been involved in these projects. Evaluation studies of completed pilot projects were also reviewed. This was complemented by visits to selected project areas. The study finds that the pilot ADPs did contribute to increased food production. However, regarding the attainment of self-sufficiency in food export crop production, the evidence on food imports and declining exports indicates that this goal has not been achieved. While the ADPs seem to have initially laid a solid foundation for self-sustaining agricultural development, the cost at which infrastructures were established and maintained could not be borne by the local governments which inherited them. As a result of the ADPs, Nigeria came to rely on foreign imports for its agricultural strategy. App., bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in French.