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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Commerce in Cote d'Ivoire: Ivoirianisation Without Ivoirian Traders
Author:Boone, Catherine
Periodical:Journal of Modern African Studies
Geographic term:Ivory Coast - Côte d'Ivoire
Subjects:trade policy
Politics and Government
Economics and Trade
Abstract:This article analyses initiatives in Côte d'Ivoire aimed at the 'Ivoirianization' of commerce. It concentrates on the 1960-1985 period, and focuses on the import/export trade and the internal distribution of imported and locally manufactured consumer goods. Transport is considered insofar as it is an activity ancillary to the 'import/distribution/export circuit'. Part I provides an overview of defining features of the country's commercial sector. Part II focuses on the highly visible government programmes of the 1970s that were aimed at the 'organization and Ivoirianization' of internal distribution networks. Efforts to Ivoirianize the distribution of basic consumer goods culminated in the Programme d'action commercial (PAC). It is shown that this programme did not do much to improve the position of indigenous 'commerçants' in the retail trade. Part III looks at the 'undeclared Ivoirianization campaigns' that gave rise to Ivoirian shareholders in the biggest European import houses, to Ivoirian quota-holders in the coffee and cocoa export business, and to two State-owned import-export companies. These initiatives benefited a select elite linked to the regime without Ivoirianizing control over trade. Notes, ref.