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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Sedentarization and Ethnic Identity among the Fulbe: A Comparative View
Author:Azarya, Victor
Periodical:Senri Ethnological Studies
Geographic term:West Africa
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Ethnic and Race Relations
Abstract:Settlement of nomadic pastoralist groups such as the Fulbe of West Africa follows both excessive poverty and excessive wealth, with differential implications for ethnic identity. Generally speaking, when Fulbe settled out of poverty and failure to continue their pastoralist occupation they tended to lose their ethnic identity whereas when they settled out of wealth and diversified their economic resources without relinquishing the ownership of cattle they tended to preserve their Fulbe identity. The process of Fulbe settlement due to wealth was generalized under the impact of the jihads which took place in West Africa in the 18th and 19th century. Their influence on the preservation of Fulbe ethnic identity, however, differed. After discussing patterns of sedentarization among the Fulbe, the author looks at the examples of Futa Toro, Futa Jallon, Massina, Adamawa, and the Hausa areas of Sokoto and analyses how the formation of such States has affected patterns of sedentarization among the Fulbe, what internal restratification has occurred within the different Fulbe societies, and to what extent different Fulbe groups have kept their ethnic identity. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.