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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Human resources deployment and urban unemployment in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: a symptom of a perverse socio-economic structure
Author:Lwoga, C.M.F.
Periodical:Journal of Eastern African Research and Development (ISSN 0251-0405)
Notes:biblio. refs., ills.
Geographic terms:Tanzania
East Africa
urban areas
Economics, Commerce
Dar es Salaam (Tanzania)
urban population
Human capital
Abstract:This paper looks at the problem of urban unemployment in the city of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The paper argues that urban unemployment is an inevitable outcome of the socioeconomic structure which gave rise to wage employment and peasant agriculture. The location of the two sectors of the economy, i.e. wage employment (excluding agricultural wage employment) in urban areas and peasant agriculture (which is responsible for the reproduction of the labour force for the entire economy) in rural areas, respectively, and the relative advantages of wage labour over peasant agriculture are important in understanding urban unemployment. Cash income, being a necessary part of subsistence for the majority of the peasants, forces some of them into urban labour migration. The continuation of the migrant labour system is made possible by the existence of intermediate cash income earning opportunities between peasant agriculture and wage employment in the large-scale sector. Government measures, such as the periodic repatriation of unemployed people to the areas where they came from, can only have limited success. Unemployment is a reflection of the social relations of production. Hence, under the existing social relations of production, the problem of urban unemployment will not be solved in Tanzania. Bibliogr., ref., sum.