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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The role of sport in the process of modernisation: the Kenyan case
Author:Mählmann, PeterISNI
Periodical:Journal of Eastern African Research and Development (ISSN 0251-0405)
Notes:biblio. refs., ills.
Geographic terms:Kenya
East Africa
Sports, Recreation
Traditional culture
Abstract:This paper examines the role of sport in the process of modernization in Kenya. It first describes the traditional 'movement culture' in the country, which was closely connected to daily life and was differentiated according to age-groups and gender. Patterns of movement also differed regionally according to topographical surroundings or climatic conditions. Then the paper deals with the introduction of a 'modern sport culture' into Kenya during the colonial period. The new sport culture was superimposed on the traditional movement culture, but in the process, the former was modified to include traditional norms and values. Finally, the paper discusses the institutionalization of sport after independence in 1963. Arguing that sport can play a role in the development process and the modernization of Kenya, it pays special attention to two functions ascribed to sport, viz. the channelling of aggression and the teaching of discipline. The role of sport is discussed in the context of H. Kellner's modernization theory, which sees a country's sport system as a secondary carrier of modernity. Bibliogr., note