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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Structures of Intermediation and Change in African Agriculture: A Nigerian Case Study
Author:Eyoh, Dickson L.
Periodical:African Studies Review
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:social structure
agricultural development
agricultural projects
Anthropology and Archaeology
Politics and Government
Development and Technology
Abstract:In the mid-1970s the Nigerian State embarked on a programme to accelerate the commercialization of peasant food production systems, employing as the main institutional vehicle Agricultural Development Projects (ADPs) designed, partially funded and managed by the World Bank. Citing as evidence the disproportionate amount of resources directed at leading strata of peasant farmers, one perspective holds that ADPs are intended to foster agrarian capitalism and rural differentiation. This article argues that the extent to which these projects are capable of fostering rural differentiation depends on the extent to which coalitions of rural intermediaries possess and are capable of exercising power through the State to foster conditions that promote their objectives. The enormous spatial variation in agricultural systems of production and in the intensity of rural differentiation in Nigeria suggests that the outcomes of administratively imposed reform programmes are bound to vary across regions. The author gives an account of how local responses to the Lafia ADP, in Plateau State, were conditioned by the character of production relations and power structures in the region. The analysis centres on two main outcomes: the project's minimal effects on peasant production priorities and practices, and variations across strata and communities in the nature of responses to it. Bibliogr., notes, ref.