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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Malual Dinka-Baqqara Border Conflict and the Impact on National Integration in the Sudan
Author:Kocjok, Damazo D.M.
Periodical:Northeast African Studies
Geographic term:Sudan
Subjects:ethnic relations
ethnic groups
Politics and Government
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
History and Exploration
Ethnic and Race Relations
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/43660338
Abstract:The border conflict between the Malual Dinka of the northern Bahr al-Ghazal (Southern Sudan) and the Baqqara Arabs of the southern Dar Fur and southern Kurdufan (Northern Sudan) is a long-standing traditional confrontation which began in the middle of the 19th century and still continues today. When the British left the Sudan in 1956 they made the Dinka and the Baqqara respect border agreements and the rule of law. After independence, however, the northern Sudanese in power broke their promise of not tampering with the colonial borders between Bahr al-Ghazal and Dar Fur and Kurdufan. They asserted that the separate grazing and fishing areas of the Mulual Dinka and the Baqqara must be merged in order to accelerate the integration of the two ethnic groups. The planned integration led to renewed hostilities between the Dinka and the Baqqara pastoralists. In 1983 the jihadic idea was revived in the country. The so-called Muraheleen, government-supported Baqqara armed groups, emerged on the Malual Dinka-Baqqara border, and were subsequently transformed into the government militia forces in the southern Dar Fur and the southern Kurdufan for jihad and conquest purposes. This led to the massacre of 1500 Malual Dinka refugees in Diein in 1987. The misguided government policy of using the Baqqara instead of the Sudan army has a serious impact on national integration, peace and stability. Note, ref.