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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Field Survey in the Timulus Zone of Senegal
Authors:McIntosh, Susan K.
McIntosh, Roderick J.
Periodical:African Archaeological Review
Geographic term:Senegal
prehistoric graves
Anthropology and Archaeology
External link:https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01118143
Abstract:Thousands of earthen mounds of varying sizes, presumed to be funerary monuments, occur throughout a 32,000 square km area of western Senegal. This report of a field survey carried out in 1988 addresses basic questions concerning this tumulus zone such as the relation of tumulus sites to habitation sites, the relative chronology and cultural affinities of the tumulus phenomenon in the northern and southern parts of the tumulus zone, and the temporal and cultural relationship of the southern tumuli to the megalithic monuments whose distribution they partially overlap. In addition to locating previously unreported habitation sites in several sectors, analysis of surface pottery has permitted recognition of several temporally differentiated assemblages associated with different types of sites encountered during the survey. The available evidence suggests that the northern tumuli date to the second millennium AD. Their appearance is linked to the trade activities and political fortunes of Senegal River polities such as Takrur. In the south, megaliths and tumuli may be somewhat earlier, with ceramic affinities to both the Middle Senegal Valley and the carved roulette assemblages of Guinea and southern Mali. Bibliogr., sum. en English and French.