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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:A Note of the Environmental and Socio-Economic Insecurity in the Sudan
Author:Lado, Cleophas
Year:1993
Periodical:Eastern and Southern Africa Geographical Journal
Volume:4
Issue:1
Period:June
Pages:63-72
Language:English
Notes:biblio. refs., ills.
Geographic terms:Sudan
Northeast Africa
Subjects:food policy
agricultural policy
environment
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Economics and Trade
Development and Technology
Environment, Ecology
Environmental effects
food security
agricultural production
Abstract:The unfolding environmental crisis in Sudan has undermined the food security of large sectors of the population and perpetuated conflicting interests among herders, rainfed cultivators and urban dwellers. The situation is aggravated by the ongoing civil war, which restricts movement between the dry and subhumid zones and prevents the local population from gaining access to farm lands and pasture. Moreover, the expansion of large-scale rainfed agriculture, a policy which has been justified on grounds of food security, has deprived traditional producers and agropastoralists of access to landed resources. The majority of those displaced by the environmental crisis and the large-scale mechanized schemes have migrated to urban centres or joined relief centres. Urban dwellers blame the mass migration of displaced peoples from the drylands and the war-torn southern Sudan for food shortages. The situation underscores the importance of environmental interdependence between different ecosystems and its significance in attaining food security. The author identifies the ways in which different interest groups interact with different ecosystems in the drylands of Sudan and the effect this has on environmental (in)security. The interdependence between different ecosystems and interest groups suggests that environmental insecurity cuts through various layers of the political fabric of the State and the manner in which security is conceived. Bibliogr., notes, ref.
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