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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Educational Policy of the British South African Company in Zimbabwe: A Dilemma of Choice
Author:Mungazi, Dickson A.
Periodical:African Urban Quarterly
Geographic terms:Zimbabwe
Great Britain
trading companies
educational policy
Education and Oral Traditions
History and Exploration
Abstract:This is a study of the effect of the educational policy of the British South African Company (BSAC) on the development of education for Africans in Zimbabwe from 1899 to 1923. BSAC's major interest was to design an educational policy that produced cheap labour out of rural Africans and domestic servants out of urban Africans. The need for cheap labour was consistent with the Victorian view of Africans as intellectually inferior to Europeans. The study begins with an interpretive analysis of the influence of the racial and educational philosophy of Cecil Rhodes on BSAC policy. It then discusses the extent of the contradictions that characterized the life of rural and urban Africans as an outcome of BSAC's inadequate educational policy. Its main conclusion is that the conflicting educational policy that the BSAC pursued for rural and urban Africans handicapped their ability to acquire essential skills that would have enabled them to play an effective role in the development of the country. Notes, ref.