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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:O chade pos-colonial: a política da desintegraçao social
Author:Azevedo, M.J.ISNI
Periodical:Revista internacional de estudos Africanos
Geographic term:Chad
Subject:political stability
Abstract:This article looks at the social and ethnic roots of the political crisis of postcolonial Chad. The first part surveys the ethnic and geographical diversity of precolonial Chad, particularly the numerous cleavages in the North. The second part examines the further sociopolitical disintegration created by the French presence from 1920 to 1965. Part three looks critically at the unwise policies put into practice by President Tombalbaye, who relied too heavily on his own Sara ethnic group, thus alienating the North. Since 1966, the North has resorted to force to overthrow the N'Djamena regime. FROLINAT finally toppled the government in 1979, which is discussed in part four. However, the northerners were unable to keep the country together and reached a stalemate which partitioned Chad into two: the South controlled by Habré with the backing of the French; the North under Weddei's control with Libyan support. Notes, ref.