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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Villagization Program and the Disruption of the Ecological Balance in Tanzania
Author:Shao, John
Periodical:Canadian Journal of African Studies
Geographic term:Tanzania
agricultural production
land use
agricultural land
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Politics and Government
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/484871
Abstract:The villagization programme of Tanzania represents an example of a policy which is founded on the belief that modernization of the land tenure system has 'undesirable consequences' so that it has sought to preserve the traditional system by dressing it up in new clothing. This policy has straitjacketed agricultural development even more tightly. After a short history of the villagization programme in Tanzania, which dates back to the early years of British rule, a description is given of the physical environment and land use pattern, and their reflection in the population distribution. The article then turns to the compulsary villagization of the rural population in 1974-1975, a period in which eleven million people were moved to new settlements. It shows that the imposition of the pattern of settlement and land use prevalent in the wetter and more fertile regions of the country on the drier and less fertile regions, led to a continual decline in agricultural production, making subsistence in the drier regions more and more impossible. Bibliogr., sum. in French.