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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Historical roots of the labour shortage problem in the sisal industry in tanzania: contradictions of the cheap labour system
Author:Lwoga, C.M.F.
Periodical:Journal of Eastern African Research and Development
Geographic term:Tanzania
Subjects:labour shortage
Abstract:In the 1970s and 1980s the Tanzanian sisal industry was faced with an acute shortage of labour. The origins of the problem can be traced back to the colonial period, when migrant labourers (semi proletarianized peasants) were forced to work in the plantation sector through economic and political coercion. Changes which took place just before and immediately after independence - trade unionism, the postindependence State's ideological orientation, the intensification of petty commodity production in the rural areas, including the former labour reserves - undermined the colonial labour supply mechanisms. Also, expansion of the labour market and the deteriorating living and working conditions in the sisal industry, ended the sisal industry's monopoly on the migrant labour market and made it increasingly unattractive as a source of wage employment. Notes, ref.