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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Family, Crime and Political Consciousness on the East Rand, 1939-1955
Author:Bonner, Philip L.
Year:1988
Periodical:Journal of Southern African Studies
Volume:14
Issue:3
Period:April
Pages:393-420
Language:English
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:economic history
family
history
1930-1939
1940-1949
1950-1959
Law, Human Rights and Violence
Politics and Government
Labor and Employment
Family Life
Historical/Biographical
migration
Link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/2636483
Abstract:In 1943 manufacturing, which had earlier outstripped agriculture in terms of gross national product, finally overhauled mining in South Africa as well. These shifts in the economy profoundly reshaped the contours of class on the Rand, the centre of this industrial revolution. From being a predominantly mine-based and mine-housed population in the late 1930s (30,278 African mineworkers, 23,200 non-mine) these proportions were reversed during the war. Age and sex ratios were likewise transformed with half the black urban population by 1957 being children and a further quarter each women and men. This new era was nevertheless far more marked than is commonly supposed by the legacy of gold. Family life, wage employment, social interaction, popular protest and political organization were all carried out in its shadow. This paper focuses on a number of areas in which this legacy was most pronounced - family life, employment and youth culture (gangs) - and relates these to some of the characteristic forms of political consciousness and political action of the times. Ref.
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