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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Why Efe Girls Marry Farmers? Socio-Ecological Backgrounds of Inter-Ethnic Marriage in the Ituri Forest of Central Africa
Author:Terashima, HideakiISNI
Periodical:African Study Monographs: Supplementary Issue
Geographic term:Congo (Democratic Republic of)
Bali (Cameroon)
Women's Issues
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Ethnic and Race Relations
Cultural Roles
Marital Relations and Nuptiality
Abstract:The degree and trend of interethnic marriage between Balese farmers and Efe pygmy hunter-gatherers in Andiri village, in the Ituri forest, Zaire, are described and analysed. Research from 1978 to 1985 revealed that about 30 percent of the wives of Andiri Balese men were of Efe origin. As a background to intermarriage, Efe women are absorbed into the village, amongst others through the widespread 'efe-maia muto maia' relationship, a sort of hereditary partnership which forms the core of the symbiotic relationship between the Balese and the Efe. This relationship also sustains the Efe's subsistence, which is largely dependent on farm products. From the viewpoint of the total socioecological system, there is an exchange of women and food. The imbalance in the economic exchanges between Balese and Efe becomes more understandable when the scope of the symbiotic model is broadened to include Efe women's labour and reproductive value. Abstr., bibliogr., notes.