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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Umarian Emigration of the Late Nineteenth Century
Author:Robinson, David
Periodical:International Journal of African Historical Studies
Geographic term:West Africa
Subjects:Islamic history
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
History and Exploration
Religion and Witchcraft
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/219842
Abstract:Analysis of the Muslim emigration from the Middle Niger in 1893, when the French invaded the last stronghold of Bandiagara. Some of the links between the Middle Niger movement and the Nigerian movement led by Caliph Attahiru of Sokoto in 1903 are established, and some of the issues of the importance of Muslim emigration or 'hijra' as a response to European conquest are raised. The emigrants from the Middle Niger were members of the movement of 'jihad' (holy war) and the Islamic state created in the 1850s by Al-Hajj Umar Tal and maintained by his eldest son and successor, Ahmad b. Shaikh 'Umar or Amadu Sheku. They accompanied and protected Amadu until his death near Sikoto in 1897. Some of them joined Attahiru, and a smaller number made their way to the Nile and to Mecca in subsequent years. The principal document for understanding the Umarian emigration is an account by one of the participants, Alfa Hashimi Tal, nephew of Umar and cousin of Amadu. An appendix contains a translation of this 'Hijra Ahmed b. Shaikh'. Notes, ref.