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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Rural Growth Points and Rural Industries in Zimbabwe: Ideologies and Policies
Author:Gasper, DesISNI
Year:1988
Periodical:Development and Change
Volume:19
Issue:3
Period:July
Pages:425-466
Language:English
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Subjects:rural development
economic policy
communal lands
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
Politics and Government
External link:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7660.1988.tb00309.x
Abstract:After Zimbabwe's independence in 1980, the term 'growth points', referring to rural centres of widely different levels and potentials, acquired an aura of magic in the long depressed Communal Areas. Hundreds of new rural centres were created, but given the limited returns to date, the current official policy has become more cautious and selective about scattering major infrastructural investment and business promotion at too many centres. This article reviews past views and experiences with rural centres, the postindependence programmes, and the current debate in which feature centralizing and decentralizing socialist views, big and small business views, and the alternative of periodic rural markets. The study focuses on the aspect of localized and concentrated growth rather than on the function of rural centres as providers of social and administrative services to a hinterland. Bibliogr., notes, ref.
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