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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Agrarian Development, Famine and Foreign Aid: The Ethiopian Experience
Author:Brüne, StefanISNI
Year:1988
Periodical:Afrika Spectrum
Volume:23
Issue:3
Pages:255-271
Language:English
Geographic term:Ethiopia
Subjects:villagization
agricultural policy
famine
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
international relations
Health and Nutrition
Abstract:This article reviews the nature and scope of agrarian change in postrevolutionary Ethiopia. By summarizing Ethiopian economic growth and the performance of the agricultural sector since 1974, the author contends that the policies of the Ethiopian government made a decisive contribution to famine and civil unrest. The recent droughts exacerbated, but did not cause the adverse trends that were evident before the drought. Low investment in agriculture, the neglect of small-scale producers, the overhasty organization of resettlement schemes, the absence of effective price incentives, the emphasis on unprofitable State farms, and overambitious villagization operations are among the factors that accounted for the failure of the government's agricultural policy. The author further argues that neither the Marxist-Leninist rhetoric of the Ethiopian government nor the neoliberal strategies proposed by some Western commentators address the central problems faced by Ethiopia's underdeveloped agrarian society. App., bibliogr., notes, sum. in German and French.
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