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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Towards a reassessment of the early kanem mais
Author:Hallam, W.K.R.
Periodical:Annals of Borno
Geographic term:Northern Nigeria
Subjects:Bornu polity
traditional rulers
Abstract:The first sixteen mais (kings) on the Borno Diwan range from Sayf b. Dhi Yazan, the eponymous founder of the Sayfuwa mais, to Tsilim, the first dark-complexioned mai, who ruled from 1182-1204. The author examines the ancestry and origins of the first sixteen kings according to various European and Arabic sources. It seems that at least three distinct groups held power over this period: the Zaghawa, the Tuareg/Lamta, and the Banu Hummay. By the time of Tsilim, the royal dynasty had become a homogenized, completely Sudanized group, the Maghumi, ruling over a people who were the ancestors of the modern Kanuri of Borno, Nigeria. Notes, ref., sum.