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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The ethno-linguistic pattern of Fika Emirate
Author:Hickey, R.ISNI
Periodical:Annals of Borno
Geographic term:Northern Nigeria
Subjects:population composition
ethnic groups
Bornu polity
Abstract:Fika Emirate (northern Nigeria) forms part of the western marches of Borno, that buffer zone known as Borno Gudiri which in precolonial times separated the Kanuri Empire from the Sokoto Caliphate. It encompasses two precolonial chiefdoms: Fika and Potiskum. Four related Chadic-speaking peoples - the Bolewa, Ngamo, Ngizim and Karekare - form the 'core' peoples of the Emirate, which is also the home of smaller ethnic groups such as the Lere, the Abore Fulani and the Hausa, whose centres of power and population lie outside the Emirate. The heterogeneous character of the population is reflected in the Emirate's recent history and the slow forging of a sense of identity. Significant changes in the ethnolinguistic situation have taken place in the twentieth century, notably the wider diffusion of Bole and Karekare to the detriment of Ngamo and Ngizim. Since the Second World War, Hausa, rather than Kanuri, has become the accepted lingua franca of Fika Emirate. The strength of the ethnic languages has not diminished, however. Notes, ref.