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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The impact of the Sokoto jihad on the Kurama people of eastern Zazzau c. 1800-1900
Author:Nengel, J. Garah
Periodical:Afrika und Übersee: Sprachen, Kulturen
Geographic term:Northern Nigeria
Abstract:This paper examines the effects of the Sokoto jihad on the Kurama of Eastern Zazzau, northern Nigeria, in the 19th century. The declaration of the jihad led to the establishment of 'amana' (friendly agreement) relations and subsequent military alliances between most Kurama villages and the Zazzau emirate. This development had far-reaching consequences for the socioeconomic and political system of the Kurama. In the atmosphere of insecurity created by the jihad conflicts, the Kurama could not pursue their usual economic activities such as farming and hunting. Normal economic relations with their neighbours were disrupted. On the other hand, the middle of the 19th century saw the emergence of a small class of professional traders among the Kurama, some of whom came to control the regional trade in the area. One of the most fundamental consequences of the jihad for the Kurama was the loss of their political autonomy. Bibliogr., notes.