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Title:Traders' travel patterns: the case of part-time trade among the Kanuri of Bornu
Author:Porter, G.
Periodical:The Nigerian Geographical Journal
Geographic term:Northern Nigeria
market vendors
Abstract:In rural areas of Bornu Emirate, northeast Nigeria, full-time professional traders are few in number. Part-time traders and marketers seem to form the basis of the rural periodic marketing system as it presently operates. Here the author presents the results of a questionnaire survey of over 3,000 traders in 35 rural markets of Bornu Emirate insofar as they concern part-time trading. Among the 1,200 part-time traders, men clearly predominated (87 percent). The majority (62 percent) were aged between 26 and 45. They dealt in a wide variety of goods, all obtained within Borno State. The most common work schedule pattern was one of two to three days trading activity per week, interspersed with farming and other activities. Virtually all part-time traders returned to their home every night. The pattern of market visitation and interaction was one of rural-based traders moving to markets up-hierarchy. The reason for trader movement up-hierarchy probably lies in part-time traders' dual activity as sellers and consumers. The marketing system for the survey area as a whole most closely approximates the central place model. Bibliogr.