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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Patrons Versus Planners: The Political Contradictions of Integrated Rural Development in Swaziland
Authors:Sallinger-McBride, Jan
Picard, Louis A.
Periodical:Journal of Contemporary African Studies
Geographic term:Swaziland - Eswatini
Subjects:rural development
economic policy
Politics and Government
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Abstract:During the 1960s, a comprehensive strategy for rural development emerged as the most likely means to achieve the new objectives of balanced economic growth, more equitable income distribution, and a commitment to meeting the basic needs of all sectors of society. This new strategy came to be known as integrated rural development (IRD). This article examines IRD as it came to be applied in Swaziland, with emphasis on the fundamental political contradictions between the IRD approach and the nature of rural elites who are affected by integrated rural development activities. First, the evolution of rural development policy in Swaziland prior to independence is examined. The next section deals with the major assumptions of IRD as a concept. Following this, some of the problems encountered in the Swaziland IRD scheme are looked at. In the final two sections, some of the political contradictions which exist in the Swazi Rural Development Areas Scheme are examined and some of the fundamental political constraints which are inherent in IRD programmes are discussed. Notes, ref.