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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Population Prospects for Sub-Saharan Africa: Determinants, Consequences and Policy
Author:Huth, Mary Jo
Periodical:Journal of Contemporary African Studies
Geographic term:Subsaharan Africa
Subjects:population growth
family planning
Miscellaneous (i.e. Demography, Refugees, Sports)
Abstract:Despite significant progress in sub-Saharan African countries during the 1960s and 1970s, the fertility rates in this part of the world remain at extraordinary high levels. This paper first examines four different sets of population growth-rate projections for the period 1985-2020. These figures encompass nine sub-Saharan African countries (Ethiopia, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Nigeria, Sudan, Tanzania, Zaire and Zimbabwe). Then it turns to the factors that could explain Africa's unusually high fertility rates and the prevailing preference for large families. Next it examines some major consequences of rapid population growth (its impact upon land productivity, food supply and the labour force). Since the great majority of sub-Saharan countries do not have any official policy to restrict rapid population growth, the article ends with some recommendations for future family planning programmes. Notes.