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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Missionaries and the Bulu rebellion: combatants, neutrals and peacemakers
Author:Mveng Ayi, M.
Year:1987
Periodical:Afrika Zamani: revue d'histoire africaine
Issue:18-19
Period:December
Pages:98-105
Language:English
Geographic terms:Kamerun
Germany
Cameroon
Subjects:missions
Bulu
rebellions
colonization
1890-1899
1900-1909
History and Exploration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Religion and Witchcraft
colonialism
Abstract:Whereas explorers and traders paved the way for German rule in southcentral Cameroon, missionary enterprise played an important role in the Bulu-German 'war' that lasted from 1898 to 1901. The missions in the Kribi-Ebolowa area were separated along national lines - American and German - as well as along denominational lines - Presbyterian and Catholic. Restrained by religious tradition, unequal before the law, and inhibited by both personal commitment to their respective fatherlands and ambiguity about German rule in the new territory, the foreign missionary community was split during the events that led to the invasion of Kribi by Bulu Wariro in 1899. Thus German missionaries saw themselves above all as German nationals who had to fight, if necessary, for the imposition and continuation of German rule. The Americans, for their part, were fully aware that only strict neutrality could prevent their expulsion from the territory by the Germans or an attack on the mission station by the Bulu. Note, ref.
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