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Title:Pilgrimage and migration of the West African Muslims: A case study of the Fellata people in the Sudan
Author:Hino, Shun'yaISNI
Book title:Sudan Sahel studies: vol. II
Editor:Tomikawa, M.
City of publisher:Tokyo
Publisher:Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA), Tokyo University of Foreign Studies
Geographic terms:Sudan
West Africa
Subjects:Islamic history
Abstract:A study of the society and way of life of West African Fulbe immigrants in Sudan, based on research carried out over seven months in 1982 and 1984 in the town of Er Roseires, Blue Nile Province. In Er Roseires the Westerners, or Fellata, mainly Fulbe, occupy the nuclear stratum in society, both socially and occupationally. Most immigrants claimed their forefathers left West Africa for the purpose of the pilgrimage to Mecca. The author examines the historical background of migration, looking at the distribution of West Africans in the Sudan, and the routes of pilgrimage to Mecca. He divides migration from West Africa into four stages: the pre-Mahdi era up to 1881; the era of the Mahdi in the Sudan, 1881-1898; the early period of European colonization of Africa, 1898-1926; and the period after the opening in 1926 of the Gezira scheme, which depended heavily on Fellata labour. Twenty-two case histories (19 Fulbe, one Hausa, one Kanuri, one Arab) provide information on family history and the process of adjustment of the immigrants to Sudanese society. Bibliogr., notes, ref.