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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Proof of the Pudding is in the Eating: The June 1993 Elections in Burundi
Author:Reyntjens, FilipISNI
Periodical:Journal of Modern African Studies
Geographic term:Burundi
Politics and Government
Ethnic and Race Relations
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/161291
Abstract:This article analyses the process of democratization which has been taking place in Burundi since late 1988, paying special attention to the 1993 presidential and national assembly elections. The June 1993 elections resulted in a virtual political earthquake. After having ruled in Burundi since 1965 without challenge, the former single party 'Union pour le progrès national' (Uprona) was significantly weakened if not nearly destroyed by losing the Presidency and holding on to a politically useless minority of under 20 percent in the 'assemblée nationale'. Apart from the armed forces (which are in Tutsi hands for historical reasons, and which will remain so in the medium term), the 'Front démocratique du Burundi' (Frodebu), which is perceived as Hutu, has taken over what was in essence an Uprona (Tutsi) State apparatus. With it has come the emergence of a Hutu leadership which has assumed power on the basis of a popular mandate. This not only alters the balance of ethnic power relations, but also leads to the emergence of another legitimacy. An epilogue deals with the attempted military coup of October 1993 in which President Ndadaye was killed. Notes, ref.