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Book Book Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Towards more appropriate technologies? Experiences from the water and sanitation sector
Author:Vaa, MarikenISNI
Year:1993
Issue:94
Pages:91
Language:English
Series:Research report (ISSN 0080-6714)
City of publisher:Uppsala
Publisher:Scandinavian Institute of African Studies
ISBN:9171063439
Geographic term:Subsaharan Africa
Subjects:development cooperation
sanitation
Abstract:Aid projects to improve water supply and sanitation services have often been plagued by high costs, high rates of technical failure and nonuse of new installations. The present study explores how both multilateral and bilateral development agencies have tried to overcome these difficulties. The role of multilateral agencies in developing and demonstrating alternative technologies is one focus, another how these experiences have been perceived and put to practice by the Nordic bilateral donor agencies in concrete water supply projects and programmes in the 1970s and 1980s. A study of projects financed by the Danish International Development Agency (Danida) in Niger and Mali, by the Finnish International Development Agency (Finnida) in Tanzania and Kenya, by the Norwegian Agency for International Development (Norad) in Kenya and Zimbabwe, and by the Swedish International Development Authority (SIDA) in Kenya and Ethiopia indicates that some important changes have taken place both at the policy level and in project design and implementation. However, established aid practices may be incompatible with the new guidelines for water and sanitation interventions which the agencies have developed. If services are to be technically and economically sustainable, service levels and delivery will have to be developed in cooperation with users rather than from centrally formulated standards. To do this may require major reorientations, both in donor agencies and recipient country institutions.
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