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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Perspective planning in Nigeria with specific reference to the social (health) sector
Author:Lambo, Eyitayo
Periodical:The Nigerian Journal of Economic and Social Studies
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:national plans
health policy
Abstract:National planning is still a problem in Nigeria, as evidenced by the great divergence between the targets of the various five-year development plans and what is actually achieved. Moreover, when taken together, previous five-year plans do not present a coherent whole. There is thus a clear need for long-term, perspective or strategic planning, spanning a time horizon of between ten to twenty years. A perspective plan would normally involve long-term projections which could be made meaningful by using simulation and other system-based approaches which have macro intersectoral and/or sectoral focus. As an illustrative example, the author focuses on the development of a perspective plan for the Nigerian health sector. A detailed framework for developing a perspective plan for the health sector involves situation and problem analyses, a prioritization of problems, the setting of objectives and targets, and the formulation of long-term health strategies and programmes. The issues that such a perspective plan should address include rapid population growth, dwindling resources, a change in epidemiological patterns, a shift in the pattern of health services provision, and changes in health behaviour. One of the most important ingredients of a perspective health plan policy for Nigeria should be the choice of the most appropriate and the least expensive primary health care strategy. Bibliogr.