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Title:Italian Perspectives on the Allied Campaign in Madagascar, May-November, 1942
Author:Mosca, Liliana
Periodical:Africana Journal
Geographic terms:Italy
military operations
World War II
History and Exploration
Abstract:In May 1942, an English fleet landed its troops in the Bay of Courrier, Madagascar. These troops marched on the city of Diego Suarez, the most important French naval base of this continental island in the Indian Ocean. This paper analyses this and subsequent events that allowed the Allied powers to take possession of the whole of Madagascar, after a series of military operations that lasted from May 5, 1942 to November 6, 1942. It is based chiefly on an examination of three Italian dailies ('Corriere della Sera', 'Il Mattino', and 'La Stampa') and one weekly, 'L'Azione Coloniale'. From these newspapers a better understanding can be gained of the evolution of Italian perceptions of events that saw the strengthening of Allied positions, and, in the light of the Allied invasion of North Africa in early November 1942, suggested that the tide might be turning in the Allies' favour. One important conclusion is made. While the Malagasy question was a focus for the attention of the Italian press, it is hard to believe that public opinion really considered that it would be possible for Vichy France to resist the Allies. Ref.