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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Sustainable development in sub-Saharan Africa: what are the alternatives?
Author:Ogutu, Z.A.
Year:1993
Periodical:Journal of Eastern African Research and Development (ISSN 0251-0405)
Volume:23
Pages:24-39
Language:English
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Subsaharan Africa
Africa
Subjects:development
Economics, Commerce
Development strategy
Resources management
sustainable development
Abstract:However diverse sub-Saharan Africa's development problems are, they are all rooted in European colonialism and have been advanced by industrial capitalism. Under colonialism, Africa was exploited as a source of cheap raw materials. Development was defined in terms of economic growth. It treated indigenous people as non-factors, ignored social institutions, and propagated and advanced the dependence of sub-Saharan African countries on the West for support. Sustainable development for the twenty-first century requires that sub-Saharan Africa looks beyond development models adopted from the West. There is increasing evidence that sustainable development can be realized by understanding the relationship between the natural world and human society and how these two interact through technology, by appreciating the connection between economic growth and development, and by designing development policies and objectives based on knowledge of man-resource interaction and the relationship between ecology and economic process. Sustainable development must also come to grips with the problem of food security. It must emphasize communally approved bottom-up development strategies, and address leadership and demographic issues as well as issues related to aid programmes and Africa's continued dependence on external support. Bibliogr., sum.
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