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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The drying up of the East African Rift Valley lakes in recent times: the case of Lake Elmenteita
Author:Murimi, S.K.
Year:1993
Periodical:Journal of Eastern African Research and Development (ISSN 0251-0405)
Volume:23
Pages:40-62
Language:English
Notes:biblio. refs., ills.
Geographic terms:Kenya
East Africa
Subjects:lakes
droughts
Environment, Ecology
Climatic influence
Elementaita, Lake (Kenya)
Water balance (Hydrology)
Abstract:The Elmenteita basin lies in the Central Rift Valley of Kenya. In order to investigate the contribution of both climatic and human factors to the falling water levels of Lake Elmenteita and its feeder rivers in the period 1958-1987, the author adopts the concept of the water balance of a body of water. He considers the possible effects of rainfall, evaporation and stream discharge on the change of water in storage, both in area and level, as well as the effects of changes in land cover and land use, amongst others as a result of the abstraction of water from rivers and the construction of dams. It appears that lake levels have suffered some change due to human interference with the natural environment of the catchment area. However, it is not possible to distinguish between the part played by humans and that played by natural climatic changes. App., bibliogr., sum.
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