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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:CCM and the executive in Tanzania's constitutional structure
Author:Fimbo, G. MgongoISNI
Periodical:Eastern Africa Law Review
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Tanzania
East Africa
constitutional reform
Chama cha Mapinduzi
Tanzania. Constitution
executive power
Abstract:Article 3 of the Constitution of Tanzania 1977 makes provision for only one political party, Chama cha Mapinduzi (CCM). It also contains numerous provisions embodying party supremacy vis--vis the executive, parliament and other organs of the State. The present paper examines the legal foundations of the relationships between the CCM and the executive of the United Republic of Tanzania and Zanzibar. It discusses party supremacy over the President of the United Republic of Tanzania and the President of Zanzibar, over ministers and over deputy ministers, as well as the legal status of CCM funding by the government. It recommends constitutional and legislative changes in these relationships in order to enhance democracy within the one-party system. Thus the power to remove the President of the United Republic of Tanzania or the President of Zanzibar from office should be transferred from the party and be vested in the National Assembly and the House of Representatives respectively; ministers and deputy ministers should be answerable to the president and the electorate and not to the party; the process of nominating parliamentary candidates should end with the party's district conference; and the organization of election campaigns for parliamentary elections should be performed by an electoral commission and not by the party. Notes, ref.