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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Jobs for the Boys? The Employment Experience of Secondary School-Leavers in Zimbabwe
Authors:Bennell, Paul
Ncube, Mkhululi
Periodical:Journal of Southern African Studies
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Subjects:youth employment
school leavers
Economics and Trade
Labor and Employment
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/2637392
Abstract:This article discusses the main results of a comprehensive tracer survey of Form IV school-leavers who completed their secondary education at nine representative schools in Zimbabwe in 1985 and 1988. The principle finding of the survey is that the incidence of wage employment in early 1991, when the survey was undertaken, was much higher than expected. Half of the 1985 school-leavers were in some kind of wage employment. The corresponding proportion for the 1988 group was 36.4 percent. The most obvious explanation for the considerably lower wage employment levels among the 1988 school-leaver group in early 1991 is that this was simply the consequence of the rapid increase in secondary school output from the mid-1980s onwards in a situation of very limited growth in total wage employment. The employment experiences of males and females were markedly different, both among the 1985 group and among the 1988 group. Part of the reason for the large gender disparities in the incidence of wage employment is that males performed considerably better than females in their O-level examinations. Notes, ref., sum.