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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The role of labour in household food security: implications of AIDS in Africa
Authors:Brown, Lynn R.
Webb, PatrickISNI
Haddad, LawrenceISNI
Periodical:Food Policy
Geographic term:Subsaharan Africa
Subjects:food policy
External link:https://doi.org/10.1016/0306-9192(94)90048-5
Abstract:In many parts of sub-Saharan Africa, nonfarm sources have been found to provide an average of 58 percent of total income in rural households. Failure to secure income from such sources during crises can result in a dramatic decline in already low levels of food consumption among the poor. The AIDS pandemic represents one such crisis. When household labour supply is disrupted through increased morbidity and/or mortality, farm productivity declines as does nonfarm income. This paper focuses on the potential effect of labour constraints on household food security as measured by income levels and sources, food consumption and nutrition status. The paper also draws attention to the possible trade-offs facing policymakers and donors in the allocation of public resources to counter the AIDS threat. It concludes that household food security will be severely undermined in households affected by AIDS. And as the impact of AIDS is felt in high productivity agricultural regions the national food supply chain will also be at risk. Bibliogr.