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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Chinese Voyaging to Africa and to the Persian Gulf: Hypotheses and Sources
Author:Velgus, Viktor A.
Periodical:St. Petersburg Journal of African Studies
Geographic terms:Africa
Subjects:international trade
History and Exploration
Abstract:The belief that Chinese ships sailed to the Persian Gulf already in the pre-Islamic period is widespread in European scientific literature. This view is based on the evidence of Arab merchant travellers, writers and geographers. Some researchers have also suggested that Chinese ships visited the coast of East Africa as early as the eighth and ninth century. The author examines the available evidence on trade relations and cultural contacts between China and Arab and African countries before the eleventh century and concludes that not a single Chinese sea expedition or mission passed beyond the limits of the Malacca peninsula. The present article was first published in Russian in 1969. Notes, ref.