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Book chapter Book chapter Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Smallholder irrigation development: impact on productivity, food production, income, and employment
Author:Chabayanzara, EphraimISNI
Book title:Issues in African rural development 2
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Subjects:small farms
Abstract:Smallholder irrigation has the potential to raise the overall performance of agriculture in Zimbabwe because it is cheaper than the present dominant large-scale irrigation. This study uses a comparative research approach to analyse the performance of farmers in smallholder irrigation schemes and those in adjacent dryland areas in an effort to highlight the importance of smallholder irrigation. On the basis of survey data collected from a random sample of 40 irrigating and 40 nonirrigating households in eight provinces, the following hypotheses were tested: 1) yields of cash crops for smallholder farmers with irrigated enterprises are higher than for those without irrigation; 2) yields of food crops for smallholders with irrigated enterprises are lower than for those without irrigation; 3) household food consumption per capita of irrigating smallholder farmers is lower than that of nonirrigating smallholders; 4) household per capita income is higher for smallholders with irrigated enterprises than for those without irrigation; 5) smallholders with irrigated enterprises employ more hired and family labour than those without irrigation. Only hypothesis 2 was not supported by the evidence. It is recommended that smallholder irrigation be expanded through the creation of new schemes and the rehabilitation of existing ones. Bibliogr., sum. in English (p. 185-186) and French (p. 214-215).