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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Caught in the Web: The Horn of Africa and the Migration of Ethiopian Jews
Author:Wagaw, Teshome G.
Periodical:Northeast African Studies
Geographic terms:Sudan
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Religion and Witchcraft
History and Exploration
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/43660093
Abstract:In the winter of 1984, massive airlifts that came to be known as 'Operation Moses' effected the transfer of over 8,000 Ethiopian Jews, also called Falasha, from Africa to the Middle East. The reasons for this mass migration have to do primarily with the current (post-1974) political, religious and economic conditions of Ethiopia. The departure was also facilitated by the changed political conditions in Israel and the countries in the Horn of Africa, as well as in the USA and, to some extent, Western Europe and the USSR. First, this paper examines some of the political and economic entanglements of these countries and their effects on the conditions of Ethiopian Jews. Next, attention is paid to the role of Sudan, where, before their departure to Israel, the Falasha stayed in refugee camps. When the secret of the operation was leaked, this embarrassed the Sudanese and Ethiopian governments, and the operation was brought to an abrupt halt. After a delay of some three months, an additional 800-900 people were airlifted to Israel in 'Operation Joshua'. The final section of the paper is devoted to the world-wide repercussions of the disclosure of Operation Moses. Notes, ref.