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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Which Way the Horn of Africa: Disintegration or Confederation?
Author:Kendie, Daniel
Periodical:Northeast African Studies
Geographic term:Northeast Africa
political stability
Politics and Government
Inter-African Relations
Abstract:This paper advocates economic cooperation and integration in the Horn of Africa. First it describes the forces of disintegration in the Horn, paying attention to the Ethio-Eritrean problem; the policy of the Ethiopian government in favour of ethnic self-determination, thereby creating conditions that could foster the complete breakup of Ethiopia; the problems of independent Eritrea; the problems of Somalia and Somaliland; and the conflicts between North and South Sudan. If the forces of disintegration succeed, the existing four countries of the Horn may give way to 101 others, none of which would be viable because of the uneven distribution of natural resources and the too small populations. The author argues that, in Ethiopia, the solution to the problem lies in retaining the principles of regional autonomy, and not in proposing ethnic autonomy. Eritrea and Ethiopia should settle for a federation, and Ethiopia should be made a federal republic. Northern and Southern Somalia should form a federation also. Sudan should become a secular State and reorganize its administrative structure on a federal basis. The stability thus created in the region, together with a policy of good neighbourliness, would create favourable conditions for subregional cooperation. Notes, ref.(Slightly shorter version in: Ufahamu, vol. 22, no. 1/2. p. 41-63.)