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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The British Occupation of the Sokoto Caliphate: The Military Dimension, 1897-1906
Author:Ubah, C.N.ISNI
Geographic terms:Nigeria
Northern Nigeria
Great Britain
Subjects:colonial conquest
Sokoto polity
colonial forces
History and Exploration
Military, Defense and Arms
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Religion and Witchcraft
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/40341677
Abstract:The Sokoto Caliphate (Northern Nigeria) was occupied by British colonial forces between 1897 and 1906. To appreciate the significance of the British conquest, one must assess the quality of the army which undertook it, demonstrate the contribution of its various components - infantry, cavalry and artillery - and show how they reinforced each other to make victory certain. This paper shows that the British colonial army differed fundamentally from the forces of the Caliphate in almost every respect: command structure, personnel, training, discipline, tactics and weaponry. Together, these differences gave the colonial army such a professional and technological superiority that its victory was virtually inevitable. The conquest of the Caliphate was followed by the garrisoning of its strategic locations so that effective control could be established over the territory. The bloody nature of the conquest and the occupation army's ruthlessness in the performance of its duties during the early years of British rule were bound to provoke the hostility of the subject population. Bibliogr., notes, ref.