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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:'Abd al-'Aziz ibn Marwan and the early Islamic building activity and urbanism in Egypt
Author:Kubiak, WladyslawISNI
Periodical:Africana Bulletin
Geographic term:Egypt
Subject:architectural history
Abstract:In the twenty years (685-704) in which 'Abd al-'Aziz ruled Egypt there was an exceptional amount of building activity, dozens of architectonic monuments and public works were constructed, as well as an entire town. Unfortunately almost none of these many works have survived. Drawing on the few written sources available, the author presents a theoretical reconstruction of 'Abd al-'Aziz's most important construction enterprise: the remodelling of the mosque at Fustat and the building of a new palace complex there, the rebuilding of the Great Mosque of Alexandria, and the planning and development of the residential town of Helwan, established specifically for military and political reasons and serving as the seat of the ruler. Helwan was the first example of a 'satellite town', and gave rise to a new trend in Muslim town planning. Bibliogr.