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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Settlement and Servitude in Zululand, 1918-1948
Author:Lincoln, DavidISNI
Periodical:International Journal of African Historical Studies
Geographic terms:South Africa
agricultural policy
History and Exploration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Labor and Employment
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/221305
Abstract:Zululand (South Africa) was first opened to settlement by white colonists at the beginning of the 20th century, four years before Union. The State's involvement in actually placing white settlers on the land commenced in earnest immediately after World War I. This article draws on archival resources to trace the settlement process in northern Zululand between 1918 and 1948. The investigation begins with a perusal of the salient features of white settlements in northern Zululand during this period. Thereafter, attention is devoted to two case studies; first of the Ntambanana Settlement (an example of the State's closer settlement programme for Zululand), and then of the Candover Estates (a private initiative to establish cotton plantations in Magudu district). The two cases serve to illustrate three consistent themes, namely: the prevalence of direct State intervention in Zululand's incipient capitalist agricultural sector, the naive assumptions held by settlers and officials about the natural environment and the regional labour market, and the growing ambivalence of the State's position regarding the settlers' struggle to succeed as capital-starved farmers in a capitalist economy. Notes, ref.